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MEDICALPLANTS

The TCM medicinal plants garden currently comprises about 100 of the most commonly used plants for the production of TCM medicines. This basic assortment is to be expanded continuously to around 200 plants. In the following, you will find an overview of the plants in the garden as well as the medicines obtained from them.


Sources:

The drawings of medicinal plants were created by Lilian Lai Bensky and taken out of the book Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica (3rd edition) by Dan Bensky, Steven Clavey and Erich Stoeger. They are reproduced here with the permission of Eastland Press


 

095. Achyranthes aspera


 粗毛牛膝 cu mao niu xi

Properties


Amaranthaceae
Height: 40-200cm
Origin: Eurasia

Medicinals made from this plant:


土牛膝 tu niu xi
Temperature: neutral
Taste: bitter, sour
Meridian: liver, kidneys

001

001. Achyranthes bidentata


 

牛膝 niu xi

Properties


 

Amaranthaceae
Height: 90 cm
Origin: all of China, except the northeast

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

淮牛膝 huai niu xi (Achyranthis bidentatae Radix)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: bitter, sour
Meridian: liver, kidneys

002. Aconitum carmichaelii


 

乌头 wu tou

Properties


 

Ranunculaceae
Height: 80 cm
Origin: Sichuan, Yunnan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

乌头 wu tou (Aconiti Radix Praep.)
Temperature: hot
Taste: pungent, bitter, very toxic
Meridian: liver, spleen

附子 fu zi (Aconiti Radix Lateralis Praep.)
Temperature: hot
Taste: pungent, toxic
Meridian: heart, kidneys, spleen

003. Acorus calamus var. angustatus


 

金钱蒲 jin qian pu

Properties


 

Araceae
Height: 70 cm
Origin: all of southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

石菖蒲 shi chang pu (Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent, bitter, aromatic
Meridian: heart, stomach

004. Agastache rugosa


 

藿香 huo xiang

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 80 cm – 1.50 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

藿香 huo xiang (Pogostemonis Herba)
Temperature: slichtly warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: lungs, stomach, spleen

082. Agrimonia pilosa


 

龙芽草 long ya cao

Properties


 

Rosaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: northeast of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

仙鹤草 xian he cao
Temperature: neutral
Taste: bitter, astringent
Meridian: lungs, spleen, liver

005. Albizia julibrissin


 

合欢 he huan

Properties


 

Fabaceae
Height: 6 m
Origin: central and southwest of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

合欢皮 he huan pi (Albiziae Cortex)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: heart, liver

合欢花 he huan hua (Albiziae Flos)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: liver, stomach

006. Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. orientale


 

泽泻 ze xie

Properties


 

Alismataceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: Mongolia

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

泽泻 ze xie (Alismatis Rhizoma)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet, mild
Meridian: kidneys, urinary bladder

096. Alpinia officinarum


 

高良姜 gao liang jiang

Properties


Zingiberaceae
Height: 150cm
Origin: S-China

Medicinals made from this plant:


高良姜 gao liang jiang
Temperature: hot
Taste: pungent
Meridian: spleen, stomach

007. Angelica dahurica


 

白芷 bai zhi

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 1.20 m
Origin: central and northern China, mountains in southwestern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

白芷 bai zhi (Angelicae Dahuricae Radix)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: lungs, stomach, spleen

093. Angelica sinensis

 

当归 dang gui

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 1.2 m
Origin: Gansu, Hubei, Sichuan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

当归 dang gui
Temperature: warm
Taste: sweet, pungent
Meridian: liver, heart, spleen

008. Arctium lappa


 

牛蒡 niu bang

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 1.50 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

牛蒡子 niu bang zi (Arctii Fructus)
Temperature: cold
Taste: pungent, bitter
Meridian: lungs, stomach

009. Arisaema erubescens


 

A. erubescens  一把伞南星 yi ba san nan xing

Properties


 

Araceae
Height: 70 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

天南星 tian nan xing (Arisaematis Rhizoma)
Temperature: warm
Taste: bitter, pungent, toxic
Meridian: liver, lungs, spleen

010. Artemisia annua


 

黄花蒿 huang hua hao

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 1 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

青蒿 qing hao (Artemisiae Annuae Herba)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter, pungent
Meridian: kidneys, liver, urinary bladder

097. Artemisia gmelinii


 

细裂叶莲蒿 xi lie ye lian hao

Properties


Asteraceae
Height: 100cm
Origin: China

Medicinals made from this plant:


万年蒿wan nian hao
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

098. Artemisia scoparia


 

Syn. A. capillaris 猪毛蒿 zhu mao hao

 

Properties


Asteraceae
Height:  80-100cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


茵陈蒿 yin chen hao
Temperature: slichtly cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: spleen, liver, gallbladder, stomach

011. Aster tataricus


 

紫菀 zi wan

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 1.20 m
Origin: northern and northwestern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

紫菀 zi wan (Asteris Radix et Rhizoma)
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: pungent, bitter
Meridian: lungs

092. Astragalus mongholicus


 

蒙古黄耆 meng gu huang qi

Properties


Fabaceae
Height: – 1.3 m
Origin: …

Medicinals made from this plant:


黄芪 huang qi (Astragali Radix)
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, spleen

099. Astragalus propinquus


 

Syn. A. membranaceus 膜荚黄耆 mo jia huang qi

Properties


Papilionaceae
Height: 80cm
Origin: north China steppe and high plateau

Medicinals made from this plant:


黄芪 huang qi
Temperature: slichtly warm
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, spleen

083. Atractylodes lancea (Syn. A. chinensis)


 

苍术 cang zhu

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: central and eastern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

苍术 cang zhu
Temperature: warm
Taste: bitter, pungent
Meridian: stomach, spleen

100. Atractylodes macrocephala


 白术 bai zhu

Properties


Asteraceae
Height: 60cm
Origin: east, central of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


白术 bai zhu
Temperature: warm
Taste: bitter, sweet
Meridian: spleen, stomach

101. Benincasa hispida


 冬瓜 dong gua

Properties


Cucurbitaceae
Height: 40/100cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


冬瓜皮/子 dong gua pi/zi
Temperature: slichtly cold
Taste: sweet, soft
Meridian: lungs, small intestine

013. Bletilla striata


 

白及 bai ji

Properties


 

Orchidaceae
Height: 20 cm
Origin: Changjiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

白及 bai ji (Bletillae Rhizoma)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter, sweet
Meridian: lungs, stomach, liver

102. Brassica oleracea


 

Syn. Brassica alba 白芥 bai jie

Properties


Brassicaceae
Height: 60cm
Origin: north & central of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


白芥子 bai jie zi
Temperature: slichtly cold
Taste: sweet, soft
Meridian: lungs, small intestine

103. Broussonetia papyrifera


 

楮实子 chu shi zi

Papier-Maulbeere

Properties


Moraceae
Height: – 15m
Origin: Asia

Medicinals made from this plant:


楮实子 chu shi zi
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

014. Bupleurum chinense


 

北柴胡 bei chai hu

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: Hubei, Sichuan, northeast of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

柴胡 chai hu (Bupleuri Radix)
Temperature: cool
Taste: bitter, pungent
Meridian: urinary bladder, liver, pericard, san jiao

015. Cannabis sativa


 

大麻 da ma

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: Hubei, Sichuan, northeast of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

火麻仁 huo ma ren (Cannabis Semen)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: large intestine, spleen, stomach

104. Carthamus tinctorius


 

红花 hong hua

Properties


Asteraceae
Height: 100cm
Origin: mainly northwest China

Medicinals made from this plant:


红花 hong hua
Temperature: warm
Taste: spicy
Meridian: heart, liver

016. Celosia argentea


 

青葙 qing xiang

Properties


 

Amaranthaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

青葙子 qing xiang zi (Celosiae Semen)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: liver

017. Chaenomeles speciosa


 

皱皮木瓜 zhou pi mu gua

Properties


 

Rosaceae
Height: 2 m
Origin: central and western China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

木瓜 mu gua (Chaenomelis Fructus)
Temperature: warm
Taste: sour
Meridian: liver, spleen

018. Chrysanthemum indicum


 

菊花 ju hua

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: central and eastern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

菊花 ju hua (Chrysanthemi Flos)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sweet, bitter
Meridian: lungs, liver

 

105. Chrysanthemum morifolium


 

杭白菊 hang bai ju

Properties


Asteraceae
Height: —
Origin: —

Medicinals made from this plant:


ju hua 菊花
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

106. Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis


 佛手柑 foshougan

Properties


Rutaceae
Height: – 2m
Origin: Guangxi, SW Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, E Xizang, Yunnan [native to NE India and possibly Myanmar].

Medicinals made from this plant:


佛手柑 Fo Shou Gan
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

019. Cnidium monnieri


 

蛇床 she chuang

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 80 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

蛇床子 she chuang zi (Cnidii Fructus)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent, bitter, slightly toxic
Meridian: kidneys

094. Codonopsis pilosula


 

党参 dang shen

Properties


 

Campanulaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: north-, northeasern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

党参 dang shen
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, spleen

020. Coix lacryma-jobi


 

薏苡 yi yi

Properties


 

Poaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

薏苡仁 yi yi ren (Coicis Semen)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sweet, mild
Meridian: lungs, spleen, stomach, kidneys

084. Conioselinum anthriscoides (Syn. Ligusticum sinense)


 

藁本 gao ben

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 1 m
Origin: Gansu, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

藁本 gao ben
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: urinary bladder, dumai

079. Cornus officinalis


 

山茱萸 shan zhu yu

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 3 m
Origin: central of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

山茱萸 shan zhu yu
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: sour
Meridian: kidneys, liver

107. Crocus sativus


 

藏红花 zang honghua

Properties


Iridaceae
Height: 20cm
Origin: Iran

Medicinals made from this plant:


藏红花 zang honghua
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

021. Dianthus superbus


 

瞿麦 qu mai

Properties


 

Caryophyllaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

瞿麦 qu mai (Dianthi Herba)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: urinary bladder, heart, small intestine

022. Dictamnus dasycarpus = albus (Syn. gemäss Plantlist)


 

白鲜 bai xian

Properties


 

Rutaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: northeast of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

白鲜皮 bai xian pi (Dictamni Cortex)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: spleen, stomach

108. Dioscorea oppositifolia


 

Syn. D. opposita 薯蓣 shu yu

Properties


Dioscoreaceae
Height: – 2m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


山药 shan yao
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: kidneys, lungs, spleen

109. Eclipta prostrata


 

Syn. E. alba 鱧腸 li chang

Properties


Asteraceae
Height: 50cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


墨旱蓮 mo han lian
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet, sour
Meridian: liver, kidneys

023. Eleutherococcus senticosus (Syn. Acanthopanax senticosus)


 

刺五加 ci wu jia

Properties


 

Araliaceae
Height: 5 m
Origin: central and northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

刺五加 ci wu jia (Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent, slightly bitter
Meridian: spleen, heart, kidneys

110. Ephedra equisetina


 

木贼麻黄 Mu Zei Ma Huang

Properties


Ephedraceae
Height: 1,5m
Origin: Mongolia

Medicinals made from this plant:


麻黄 Ma Huang, 木贼麻黄muzei mahuang
Temperature: warm
Taste: spicy, slightly bitter
Meridian: lungs, urinary bladder

024. Epimedium sagittatum


 

三枝九叶草 san zhi jiu ye cao

Properties


 

Berberidaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: Sichuan, along Changjiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

淫羊藿 yin yang huo (Epimedii Herba)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent, sweet
Meridian: kidneys, liver

025. Eriobotrya japonica


 

杷 pi ba

Properties


 

Rosaceae
Height: 3 m
Origin: central and southern Chin

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

枇杷叶 pi pa ye (Eriobotryae Folium)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: bitter
Meridian: lungs, stomach

026. Eucommia ulmoides


 

杜仲 du zhong

Properties


 

Eucommiaceae
Height: 5 m
Origin: southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

杜仲 du zhong (Eucommiae Cortex)
Temperature: warm
Taste: sweet, slightly pungent
Meridian: kidneys, liver

028. Foeniculum vulgare


 

茴香 hui xiang

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 1.20 m
Origin: China, Europe

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

小茴香 xiao hui xiang (Foeniculi Fructus)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: liver, kidneys, spleen, stomach

029. Forsythia suspensa


 

连翘 lian qiao

Properties


 

Oleaceae
Height: 150 cm
Origin: central and southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

连翘 lian qiao (Forsythiae Fructus)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: bitter, slightly pungent
Meridian: heart, luns, urinary bladder

111. Fritillaria thunbergii


 

浙贝母 zhe bei mu

Properties


Liliaceae
Height: 60cm
Origin: north Zhejiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


浙贝母 zhe bei mu
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: heart, lungs

112. Gardenia jasminoides


 

栀子 zhi zi

Properties


Rubiaceae
Height: 100cm
Origin: southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


栀子 zhi zi
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: heart, lungs, stomach, liver

030. Ginkgo biloba


 

银杏 yin xing

Properties


 

Ginkgoaceae
Height: 6 m
Origin: Zhejiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

白果 bai guo (Ginkgo Semen)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet, bitter, astringent, slightly toxic
Meridian: kidneys, lungs

031. Gleditsia sinensis


 

皂荚 zao jia

Properties


 

Fabaceae
Height: 20 m
Origin: all of China, except West

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

皂角刺 zao jiao ci (Gleditsiae Spina)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: liver, stomach, lungs

113. Glehnia littoralis


 

珊瑚菜 shan hu cai

Properties


Apiaceae
Height: 30cm
Origin: northeastern provinces

Medicinals made from this plant:


北沙参 bei sha shen
Temperature: slichtly cold
Taste: sweet, slightly bitter
Meridian: lungs, stomach

032. Glycyrrhiza uralensis


 

甘草 gan cao

Properties


 

Fabaceae
Height: 150 cm
Origin: northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

甘草 gan cao (Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: all 12 meridians, mainly heart, lungs, spleen, stomach

033. Gynostemma pentaphyllum


 

绞股蓝 jiao gu lan

Properties


 

Cucurbitaceae
Height: 2 m
Origin: southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

绞股蓝 jiao gu lan (Gynostemma Pentaphyllum)
Temperature: cold
Taste: slightly bitter
Meridian: lungs, heart

034. Houttuynia cordata


 

蕺菜 ji cai

Properties


 

Saururaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

鱼腥草 yu xing cao (Houttuyniae Herba)
Temperature: cool
Taste: pungent
Meridian: lungs, large intestine

035. Imperata cylindrica


 

白茅 bai mao

Properties


 

Poaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

白茅根 bai mao gen (Imperatae Rhizoma)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, stomach, small intestine, urinary bladder

012. Iris domestica (Syn. Belamcanda chinensis)


 

射干 she gan

Properties


 

Iridaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

射干 she gan (Belamcandae Rhizoma)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: lungs

036. Isatis tinctoria (Syn. I. indigotica)


 

菘蓝 song lan

Properties


 

Brassicaceae
Height: 80 cm
Origin: central and eastern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

板蓝根ban lan gen (Isatidis Radix)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: heart, lungs, stomach

114. Lablab purpureus


 

Syn. Dolichos lablab 白扁豆 bai bian dou

Faselbohne

Properties


Fabaceae
Height: 2m
Origin: eastern Africa

Medicinals made from this plant:


白扁豆 bai bian dou
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: spleen, stomach

037. Leonurus japonicus


 

益母草 yi mu cao

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 60 cm – 1 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

益母草 yi mu cao (Leonuri Herba)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: pungent, bitter
Meridian: heart, liver, urinary bladder

038. Ligusticum striatum (Syn. L. chuanxiong)


 

川芎 chuan xiong

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: Sichuan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

川芎 chuan xiong (Chuanxiong Rhizoma)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: liver, urinary bladder, pericard

039. Liquidambar orientalis


 

枫香树 feng xiang shu

Properties


 

Hamamelidaceae
Height: 20 m
Origin: southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

路路通 lu lu tong (Liquidambaris Fructus)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: bitter
Meridian: liver, stomach

085. Lithospermum erythrorhizon


 

 紫草 zi cao

Properties


 

Boraginaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

紫草 zi cao
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: heart, liver

040. Lycium barbarum


 

宁夏枸杞 ning xia gou qi

Properties


 

Solanaceae
Height: 2 m
Origin: northwestern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

枸杞子 gou qi zi (Lycii Fructus)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: liver, lungs, kidneys

041. Lycium chinense


 

枸杞 gou qi

Properties


 

Solanaceae
Height: 1 m
Origin: high plateau all of china

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

枸杞子 gou qi zi (Lycii Fructus)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: liver, lungs, kidneys

115. Lycium ruthenicum


 

黑枸杞 hei gou qi

Properties


Solanaceae
Height: 0.5-2m
Origin: western China, central Asia

Medicinals made from this plant:


黑枸杞子 hei gou qi zi
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

042. Magnolia officinalis var. biloba


 

厚朴 hou po

Properties


 

Magnoliaceae
Height: 12 m
Origin: central and southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

厚朴 hou po (Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex)
Temperature: warm
Taste: bitter, pungent
Meridian: large intestine, lungs, spleen, stomach

043. Melia azedarach (Syn. M. toosendan)


 

川 楝 chuan lian

Properties


 

Meliaceae
Height: 20 m
Origin: Sichuan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

川楝子 chuan lian zi (Toosendan Fructus)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter, slightly toxic
Meridian: urinary bladder, liver, small intestine, stomach

044. Mentha canadensis (Syn. M. haplocalyx)


 

薄荷 bo he

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

薄荷 bo he (Menthae Herba, Menthae Haplocalycis Herba)
Temperature: cool
Taste: pungent, aromatic
Meridian: lungs, liver

116. Morus alba


 

桑 sang

Properties


Moraceae
Height: 1-16m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


sang ye 桑叶 (Folium), sang bai pi 桑白皮 (Cort., Rad.), sang shen 桑葚 (Fruct.)
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

087. Nelumbo nucifera


 

莲 lian

Properties


 

Nymphaeaceae
Height: – 1.5 m
Origin: India, Asia, Australia

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

莲子 lian zi, 藕节 oujie, 荷叶 he ye, 莲房 lian fang, 莲须 lian xu, 莲子心 lian zi xin
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: heart, pericard

068. Nepeta tenuifolia (Syn. Schizonepeta tenuifolia)


 

裂叶荆芥 lie ye jing jie

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 80 cm
Origin: northeast of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

荆芥 jing jie (Schizonepetae Herba)
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: lungs, liver

045. Ophiopogon japonicus


 

麦冬 mai dong

Properties


 

Liliaceae
Height: 20 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

麦冬 mai dong (Ophiopogonis Radix)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sweet, slightly bitter
Meridian: heart, lungs, stomach

046. Oryza sativa


 

稻 dao

Properties


 

Poaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

梗米 jing mi (Oryzae Sativae Semen)
Temperature: cool
Tsste: sweet
Meridian: spleen, stomach

稻芽 dao ya (Oryzae Fructus germinatus)
Temperaturt: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: spleen, stomach

049. Paeonia anomala subsp. veitchii


 

川赤芍 chuan chi shao

Properties


 

Paeoniaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: Sichuan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

赤芍药 chi shao (yao) (Paeoniae Radix Rubra)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sour, bitter
Meridian: liver, spleen

047. Paeonia lactiflora


 

芍药 shao yao

Properties


 

Paeoniaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

白芍 bai shao (Paeoniae Radix Alba)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: bitter, sour
Meridian: liver, spleen

048. Paeonia x suffruticosa

 

牡丹 mu dan

Properties


 

Paeoniaceae
Height: 1 m
Origin: Anhui, Henan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

牡丹皮 mu dan pi (Moutan Cortex)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: pungent, bitter
Meridian: heart, liver, kidneys

050. Panax ginseng


 

人参 ren shen

Properties


 

Paeoniaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: Sichuan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

人参 ren shen (Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma)
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: sweet, slightly bitter
Meridian: lungs, spleen

051. Panax quinquefolius


 

西洋参 xi yang shen

Properties


 

Araliaceae
Height: 70 cm
Origin: northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

西洋参 xi yang shen (Panacis Quinquefolii Radix)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet, slightly bitter
Meridian: heart, kidneys, lungs

091. Paris polyphylla var. chinensis


 

华重楼 hua chong lou

Properties


 

Melanthiaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: Changjiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

重楼 chong lou (Paridis Rhizoma)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: bitter, slightly toxic
Meridian: liver

117. Patrinia scabiosifolia


白醬 bai jiang

Properties


Height: —
Origin: —

Medicinals made from this plant:


白醬草 bai jiang cao
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

118. Patrinia villosa


 

白花败酱 bai hua bai jiang

Properties


Caprifoliaceae
Height: 50-100cm
Origin: central of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


败酱草 bai jiang cao
Temperature: slichtly cold
Taste: bitter, spicy
Meridian: liver, stomach, large intestine

052. Perilla frutescens


 

紫苏 zi su

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 80 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

紫苏叶 zi su ye (Perillae Folium, Folium Perillae Frutescentis)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent, aromatic
Meridian: lungs, spleen

紫苏子 zi su zi ( Perillae Fructus)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: large intestine, lungs

紫苏梗 zi su geng (Perillae Caulis)
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: pungent, sweet
Meridian: lungs, spleen, stomach

053. Phellodendron amurense


 

黄檗 huang bo

Properties


 

Rutaceae
Height: 15 m
Origin: northeast of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

黄柏 guan huang bo (Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: kidneys, urinary bladder

054. Phragmites australis (Syn. P. communis)


 

芦苇 lu wie

Properties


 

Poaceae
Height: 2.5 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

芦根 lu gen (Phragmitis Rhizoma)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, stomach

055. Phyllostachys nigra


 

紫竹 zi zhu

Properties


 

Poaceae
Height: 8 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

竹茹 / 竹沥 zhu ru (Bambusae Caulis in Taenia)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, stomach, gallbladder

zhu li (Bambusae Succus)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: heart, lungs, stomach

056. Pinellia ternata


 

半夏 ban xia

Properties


 

Araceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

半夏 ban xia (Pinelliae Rhizoma)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent, toxic
Meridian: lungs, spleen, stomach

057. Plantago asiatica


 

车前 che qian

Properties


 

Plantaginaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

车前子 che qian zi (Plantaginis Semen)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: urinary bladder, kidneys, liver, lungs

058. Platycodon grandiflorus


 

桔梗 jie geng

Properties


 

Campanulaceae
Height: 40 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

桔梗 jie geng (Platycodonis Radix)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: bitter, pungent
Meridian: lungs

059. Polygonatum odoratum


 

玉竹 yu zhu

Properties


 

Liliaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: all of China, except the northwest

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

玉竹 yu zhu (Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, stomach

060. Prunella vulgaris


 

夏枯草 xia ku cao

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

夏枯草 xia ku cao (Prunellae Spica)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter, pungent
Meridian: gallbladder, liver

061. Prunus armeniaca


 

杏 xing

Properties


 

Rosaceae
Height: 5 m
Origin: northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

杏仁 xing ren (Armeniacae Amarum Semen)
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: bitter, slightly toxic
Meridian: lungs, large intestine

062. Prunus mume


 

梅 mei

Properties


 

Rosaceae
Height: 5 m
Origin: central China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

乌梅 wu mei (Mume Fructus)
Temperature: warm
Taste: sour, astringent
Meridian: large intestine, liver, lungs, spleen

063. Rehmannia glutinosa


 

地黄 di huang

Properties


 

Scrophulariaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: north of Changjiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

地黄 di huang (Rehmanniae Radix)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet, bitter
Meridian: heart, kidneys, liver

熟地黄 shu di huang (Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Rehmanniae Radix Conquitae)
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: sweet
Meridian: heart, kidneys, liver

027. Reynoutria multiflora (Syn. Fallopia multiflora)


 

何首乌 he shou wu

Properties


 

Polygonaceae
Height: 2.50 m
Origin: central and southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

何首乌 he shou wu (Polygoni Multiflori Radix)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: bitter, sweet, astringent
Meridian: liver, heart, large intestine

夜交藤 ye jiao teng (Polygoni Multiflori Caul)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet
Meridian: heart, liver

064. Rheum officinale


 药用大黄

yao yong da huang

Properties


 

Polygonaceae
Height: 2 m
Origin: mountains in southwestern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

大黄 da huang (Rhei Radix et Rhizoma)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: heart, large intestine, liver, stomach

065. Rhodiola rosea (Syn. Sedum roseum)


 

红景天 hong jing tian

Properties


 

Crassulaceae
Height: 15 m
Origin: northwestern China, grasland

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

红景天 hong jing tian (Rhodiola Crenulatae Radix et Rhizoma)
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet, pungent
Meridian: spleen, stomach, lungs

066. Salvia miltiorrhiza


 

丹参 dan shen

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

丹参 dan shen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: pericard, heart, liver

119. Salvia przewalskii


 

甘西鼠尾草 gan xi shu wei cao

Properties


Lamiaceae
Height: 60cm
Origin: Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan

Medicinals made from this plant:


Replacement for dan shen in Lijiang, Yunnan or for qin jiao in Sichuan
Temperature: slichtly cold
Taste: bitter, spicy
Meridian: heart, pericard, liver

067. Sanguisorba officinalis


 

地榆 di yu

Properties


 

Rosaceae
Height: 1.2 m
Origina: southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

地榆 di yu (Sanguisorbae Radix)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: bitter, sour
Meridian: liver, large intestine, stomach

086. Saposhnikovia divaricata


 

防风 fang feng

Properties


 

Apiaceae
Height: 60 cm
Origin: Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Neimenggu, Shanxi, Hebei

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

防风 fang feng
Temperature: slightly warm
Taste: pungent, sweet
Meridian: urinary bladder, liver, spleen

120. Schisandra chinensis


 

五味子 wu wei zi

Properties


Schisandraceae
Height: – 6m
Origin: northern provinces

Medicinals made from this plant:


五味子 wu wei zi
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

121. Scrophularia buergeriana


 

北玄参 bei xuan shen

Properties


Scrophulariaceae
Height: 1,5m
Origin: Gansu, Hebei

Medicinals made from this plant:


玄参 xuan shen
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

069. Scrophularia ningpoensis


 

玄参 xuan shen

Properties


 

Scrophulariaceae
Height: 50 cm
Origin: northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

玄参 xuan shen (Scrophulariae Radix)
Temperature: cold
Taste: salty, sweet, bitter
Meridian: kidneys, lungs, stomach

071. Scutellaria baicalensis


 

黄芩 huang qin

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 40 cm
Origin: north of Changjiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

黄芩 huang qin (Scutellariae Radix)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: lungs, stomach, gallbladder, large intestine

070. Scutellaria barbata

 

半枝莲 ban zhi lian

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: central and southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

半枝莲 ban zhi lian (Scutellariae Barbatae Herba)
Temperature: cool
Taste: pungent, slightly bitter
Meridian: liver, lungs, stomach

122. Senecio scandens


 

千里光 qian li guang

Properties


Asteraceae
Height: 50cm
Origin: Himalaya 1800-3600m

Medicinals made from this plant:


千里光 qian li guang
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

088. Senna tora (Syn. Cassia tora)


 

 决明 jue ming

Properties


 

Fabaceae
Height: 2 m
Origin: Chang Jian

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

决明子 jue ming zi
Temperature: cool
Taste: bitter, sweet, salty
Meridian: liver, kidneys, large intestine

072. Sigesbeckia orientalis


 

豨莶 xi xian

 

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 30 cm
Origin: all of China, except the northwest

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

豨莶草 xi xian cao (Siegesbeckiae Herba)
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: kidneys, liver

073. Tetradium ruticarpum


 

吴茱萸 wu zhu yu

Properties


 

Rutaceae
Height: 4 m
Origin: Shaanxi, Gansu

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

吴茱萸 wu zhu yu (Evodiae Fructus)

Temperature: hot
Taste: pungent, bitter, slightly toxic
Meridian: liver, spleen, stomach

074. Tetrapanax papyrifer


 

通脱木 tong tuo mu

Properties


 

Araliaceae
Height: 3 m
Origin: southern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

通草 tong cao (Tetrapanacis Medulla)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: sweet, mild
Meridian: lungs, stomach

123. Trachelospermum jasminoides


 

络石 luo shi

Properties

 

Apocynaceae
Height: – 3m
Origin: eastern china

Medicinals made from this plant:


luoshiteng 络石藤
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

089. Trichosanthes kirilowii


 

栝楼 gua lou

Properties


 

Cucurbitaceae
Height: 2 m
Origin: north of Changjiang

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

瓜蒌皮 gua lou pi
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, large intestine, stomach

瓜蒌子 gua lou zi
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, large intestine, stomach

瓜蒌 gua lou
Temperature: cold
Taste: sweet
Meridian: lungs, large intestine, stomach

天花粉 tian hua fen
Temperature: cold
Taste: bitter, slightly sweet, sour
Meridian: lungs, stomach

075. Tussilago farfara


 

款冬 kuan dong

Huflattich

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 10 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

款冬花 kuan dong hua (Farfarae Flos)
Temperature: warm
Taste: pungent
Meridian: lungs

076. Verbena officinalis


 

马鞭草 ma bian cao

Properties


 

Verbenaceae
Height: 40 cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

马鞭草 ma bian cao (Verbenae Herba)
Temperature: slightly cold
Taste: bitter
Meridian: liver, spleen

077. Vitex trifolia


 

蔓荆 man jing

Properties


 

Lamiaceae
Height: 4 m
Origin: on coasts, watersides, beaches

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

蔓荆子 man jing zi (Viticis Fructus)
Temperature: cool
Taste: bitter, pungent
Meridian: urinary bladder, liver, stomach

078. Xanthium strumarium (Syn. X. sibiricum)


 

苍耳 cang er

Properties


 

Asteraceae
Height: 1.2 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

苍耳子 cang er zi (Xanthii Fructus)
Temperature: warm
Taste: sweet, bitter, toxic
Meridian: lungs

090. Zanthoxylum bungeanum (Syn. Z. simulans)


 

花椒 hua jiao

Properties


 

Rutaceae
Height: – 7 m
Origin: Sichuan

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

花椒 hua jiao
Temperature: hot
Taste: pungent
Meridian: stomach, large intestine

080. Zea mays


 

玉蜀黍 yu shu shu

Properties


 

Poaceae
Height: 2.50 m
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

玉米须 yu mi xu (Zeae Maydis Stylus)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet, mild
Meridian: urinary bladder, gallbladder, liver

124. Zingiber officinale


 

姜 jiang

Properties

 

Zingiberaceae
Height: 120cm
Origin: all of China

Medicinals made from this plant:


生姜/干姜/炮姜 /生姜皮 sheng jiang/gan jiang/ pao jiang, sheng jiang pi
Temperature: 
Taste: 
Meridian:

081. Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa


 

酸枣 suan zao

Properties


 

Rhamnaceae
Height: 10 m
Origin: northern China

Medicinals made from this plant:


 

酸枣仁 suan zao ren (Ziziphi Spinosae Semen)
Temperature: neutral
Taste: sweet, sour
Meridian: gallbladder, heart, liver, spleen